Scientific Name – Raphanus raphanistrum subsp. Sativus
Radish – An Introduction To The Edible Tuber
Radish or Muli is a worldwide popular tuber vegetable consumed in culinary dishes and eaten raw. Radishes are found in many varieties according to the color, taste, size, length, and flavor. Some of the radish varieties germinate and grow very quickly within a month, and some varieties like daikon take several months to grow and harvest.
Radish is found in various colors like pink, white, cream, yellow, red, and purple with length ranging from 13 cm to 60 cm. Radish is grown throughout the year, but it is a winter crop.
Some type of radishes like daikon seeds is used to make oil which is used as bio-fuel. Daikon is also grown to increase the fertility of soil, suppressing weeds, and alleviate soil compaction.
Season To Enjoy Radish & Its Recipes
Radish is grown in cool season, and harvested during winter in India; months of October to January. In western countries, radish is found to be cultivated and harvested during March to May.
Why The Name – Radish
Radish is a tuber vegetable grown as roots of the tree; it got its common name is according to this morphology. ‘Radix’ is a Latin word for roots; from this word ‘Radish’ came into use.
What Is The Taste & How Does It Smell
Radish is a crunchy vegetable with a peppery and pungent taste. Radish has a characteristic odor due to a chemical gas Methyl Mercaptan.
Most Common Culinary Recipes Of Radish
Radish Raita: Radish is grated and added with fresh yogurt, salt, roasted cumin powder, black pepper powder, black salt, green chili pepper, and chopped coriander. Radish Raita is a very healthy, tasty, creamy, and cool side dish to serve with Paratha and Biryani.
Muli Ke Parathe: Muli Ke Parathe is an Indian flatbread recipe; made using grated radish, wheat flour, Bengal gram flour, carom seeds, red chili powder, turmeric powder, and salt. All the ingredients are mixed and knead to the dough using yogurt; rolled into Parathas. This Paratha is roasted with some clarified butter and served with pickle and yogurt.
Muli Ku Sabzi: Muli Ki Sabzi is an Indian recipe made of radish served with Paratha, Roti or Dal-Chaval. Radish is chopped into medium-sized pieces and cooked in a tempering of cumin, curry leaves, turmeric powder, red chili powder and some spices. Sometimes Bengal gram powder is added to the Sabzi for a different taste.
Radish Sambar: Sambar is a south Indian recipe made with any legume, different vegetables, tamarind, and jaggery served with Idli, Dosa, rice, and Uttappam. Sometimes radish chopped into round pieces and added to the sambar.
Radish & Tofu Soup: Radish is cooked to make a very healthy and savory radish soup mixed with Tofu, and other vegetables. Radish & Tofu soup is a Japanese delicacy.
Radish & Meat: In Kashmiri valley of India; meat is cooked with radish in a rich mix of spices. Radish & meat dish is served with some steamed rice or heavy buttered Paratha.
Radish With Ricotta: Ricotta is an Italian whey cheese made from goat, sheep, cow, or buffalo milk. Freshly made ricotta with chopped crunchy radish is served as the snack.
Radish & Avocado Sandwich: Radish is used along avocado and cheese to make crunchy Radish & avocado sandwich.
Raw Radish: Raw radish is eaten in Indian sub-continent as the salad along with a meal. Radish is a crunchy salad with its characteristic taste. In northern parts of Indian states, like Punjab, people eat the whole radish as fruit or in the form of salad.
Rolls: Radish is mixed in stirred crabs, celery, and apple; filled in a breadstick to make a tasty, crunchy and healthy crab rolls.
Nutrition Provided By Radish
Radish contains some amount of vitamin C with other vitamins like B group vitamins in low amount. Radish also contains some dietary minerals but in low value; some of which are magnesium, manganese, iron, calcium, phosphorus, potassium, and zinc.
Health Benefits Of Radish
Cure Jaundice: Radish is very good for liver and stomach health; as it works as detoxifier which is used to clean blood and clear waste.
Keeps Away Piles: Radish is useful for good digestion, water retention, and prevents constipation. Constipation is the main reason for piles; useful to relieve piles problems and intestine soothing.
Treats Urine Problems: Radish consumption increases urine formation, and radish juice is useful to sooth the urine track burning sensation. Radish consumption is used to cleanse kidneys preventing kidney and urine related problems.
Cure Leucoderma: The anti-oxidant and anti-carcinogenic property of radish makes it a useful medicine over Leukoderma. Radish consumption through diet or radish pack made of grated radish, vinegar, or ginger juice when applied on white patches can bring the original color.
Other Health Benefits: Radish is good for sound heart health, reducing diabetes, anti-carcinogenic, respiratory system, treating fever, treating insect bites, hydrating, boost to immunity, appetizer, oral moth health, lowering blood pressure, treating acidity, and treating headaches.
A Brief History Of Radish
Historical account of radish is observed to be during 3rd century BC. Radish is assumed to be originated in Southeast Asia region, but the archeologist finds no confirmed evidence. The region is found to be growing many wild varieties of radish so the conclusion. Another region producing radish in different forms is found to be India, China, and Central Asia.
Radish entered European countries and Roman Empire during 1st century AD and recorded in Roman and Greek history with its varied types. Radish is found to be a crop of first batch entry to American sub-continent.
Radish Cultivation & Worldwide Production
Radish is cultivated in any type of loosened soil with good drainage. The soil should be tilled before sowing the seeds for making an easy space for radish growth in soil. Some natural manure can increase the radish quality.
Radish requires cool temperature for a good taste or its taste becomes pungent with the increase in the temperature.