Coriander Plant & Seeds Introduction, Scientific Name – Coriandrum sativum – Coriander plant is also known as cilantro belongs to Apiaceae family with a scientific name Coriandrum sativum. Coriander seeds are the fruit of coriander plant used as spice and flavoring agent in various cuisines.
Taste of leaves, seeds, and roots vary and used in different ways. Coriander or cilantro is used in almost every spicy recipe for garnishing and bringing freshness. Coriander seeds are used as spice among the group of spices.
As much as culinary use; coriander seeds have a good number of health benefits.
The Study Of Coriander Plant
Coriander plant is native to the South-western region of Asia. The coriander plant is a flexible, tender and green plant which is used in culinary. The stem, leaves, and seeds of the coriander plant are used and consumed in many cuisines.
The leaves grow small and variable in shape; flowers bloom in many small umbels. The color of flower varies from white to pale pink to very faint purple. These fruits beer coriander seeds; which are green then turns golden brown when dried.
How Do Coriander Seeds Affect The Taste Of Food
Coriander taste may vary among people to people; it is studied and surveyed that some genes difference affects the liking of coriander flavor. So it’s okay if your child does not like the taste and smell of coriander.
The ones who like the taste of coriander for them coriander seeds flavor earthy, refreshing, sweet and lemony.
A List Of Culinary Uses And Popularity Of Coriander Seeds In Cuisines
# Coriander Flavored Soups: Coriander seeds when added in soups while giving a Tadka in butter or olive oil brings the earthy taste to soups. If not giving a stir any oil then adding a pinch of coriander seeds powder also can add its characteristic flavor to the soups.
# An Ingredient In Spicy Curries: Coriander seeds are roasted with other hot spices to make the Masala of spicy Indian curries. Coriander seeds powder is an essential ingredient in the Garam Masala powder.
# A Taste Enhancer In Snacks: The Indian snacks like Poha Chivda, Chakli, Farsan are made using coriander seeds powder. Coriander seeds bring an excellent taste to these snacks items.
# An Essential Ingredient In Marinade: For the delicacies like Chicken Biryani, Meat Biryani and meat curries; meat is marinated using the coriander powder. Coriander seeds powder gives the characteristic aroma to these dishes.
# Spanish Cuisine: Coriander seeds are used in Spanish cuisine. The Spanish spicy rice is made using the many spices like coriander seeds powder, turmeric to bring out the flavor and color to the spicy rice.
# Sprinkler On Salads: Coriander seeds powder is sprinkled on the vegetable and fruit salads for refreshing taste and feeling.
# Brings Flavor In Seafood: Fish and other seafood are prepared in the gravy containing coriander seeds to make it delectable and healthy.
# Stir Fried Veggies: Leafy vegetables like spinach, fenugreek, Mustard leaves, and celery are stir-fried to make a nice dry veggie. Coriander seeds powder is added when the dish is ready to garnish.
Nutritional Values Of Coriander Seeds
It is studied that coriander seeds have fewer vitamins as compared to coriander leaves. Coriander seeds contain minerals dietary fibers in good quantity. Coriander seeds contain minerals like calcium, iron, selenium, manganese, and magnesium.
Let Us See The Health Benefits Of Coriander Seeds
# Kills Any Harmful Pathogens Hidden In Food: Coriander seeds contain strong anti-microbial qualities which help to fight the hidden ill effecting microbes in food which we consume and hence reduce the chances of food poisoning.
# Relief From Urinary Infection: It is excruciating when one has the urinary infection. This situation has an easy home remedy; you need to soak some coriander seeds in water before going to bed and strain out the seeds in the morning. Drinking this water on waking up reduces and helps to fight infection.
# Maintains Nerve Health: Coriander seeds helps to lower the inflammation of nerves and stops the degradation of nerve cells. It keeps good health of nervous system fighting diseases like Alzheimer’s.
# Watch On High Blood Pressure: High blood pressure can be prone to serious after effects like clotting of blood and stroke. Coriander seeds consumption has shown curing effects on high blood pressure; helps to dive down to the average level.
# Good Digestion: Disturbed metabolism can be get cured by introducing coriander seeds into our daily diet. Coriander seeds have the quality to relax digestive muscles making it easy for motions.
# Helps To Maintain Thyroid Health: Selenium present in the coriander seeds is necessary for the secretion of free T3 hormone which is most active hormone of the thyroid gland.
# Relief In Menses: Consuming coriander seeds found to be relaxing for menstrual days; moderate consumption of seeds helps to reduce blotting pain, cramps, and heavy bleeding.
# Stops Hair Fall: Hair fall can be stopped by adding coriander powder in hair oil for massaging the hair roots to bring strength to the hair follicles.
What is The History Of Coriander Seeds
Coriander is native to Iran, and its evidence is found in the Nahal Hemar Caves of Israel which is studied to be the oldest specimen of coriander existence. Coriander traces are found in the ancient Egyptian culture too.
Two-millennium old coriander evidence is found in Greece confirming its existence in the ancient Greece civilization.
Early British colonist introduced coriander to American sub-continent.
Let Us Study About The Soil, Atmospheric Conditions Required For The Crop And Producing Countries
Coriander grows well in loamy soil with good drainage; with basic pH value. Coriander plant grows well in the moderate and specifically in the cool environment and dry atmosphere. Shallow temperature can destroy the crop.
The trees required growing till maturity to bloom tiny flowers; these flowers after pollination turn into coriander seeds. The seeds are dried well in sunlight.
India is the largest coriander producing country to fulfill the global requirement. Other countries which are in the queue are Bulgaria, Morocco, Romania, Iran, Russia, Australia, and Canada.