A Short & Cheesy Introduction Of Cheese – It is one of the tastiest dairy product obtained from the milk of any animal like a cow, buffalo, sheep, or goat. Cheese is made by curdling, fermenting the milk. Cheese changes its taste according to the milk used. Cheese is among one of the most loved and used food item all over the world.
Cheese industry is one of the vast and growing industries around the world. There are many types of cheese, their culinary uses, and health benefits.
Types Of Cheese
Cheese is differentiated according to its texture, moisture content, and contents. It has been estimated that about more than 500 types of cheese produced all over the world based on many criteria such as length of aging, the method of making, animal milk, country or region and fat content.
Classification of cheese according to these categories are mentioned below –
Moisture Content: Cheese is differentiated according to the softness and stiffness. Cheese textures vary from soft, semi-soft, semi-hard, and hard depending on the moisture contents in the curd while pressing it into molds.
Aging: Cheese is differentiated according to aging or resting duration while making cheese. Cheese without preservative cannot last for long and gets spoilt quickly while cheese with preservative can keep resting for some duration. The rest duration makes cheese for varying in taste.
Contents: Cheese taste also varies according to the contents which we are using to make it like milk from animal and the curdling agent. Cheese taste varies with the change in milk like the cow, buffalo, goat, and sheep milk. The curdling agents also make the difference in its taste; some of the curdling agents are like rennet, vinegar, lime juice, and other chemicals.
Processed: Addition of salt and preservative is optional according to ones taste. Processing is the addition of all these ingredients; homemade cheese differs from these added ingredients.
Why The Name Cheese
‘Cheese’ is a name came from Latin word ‘Caseus’ in modern times ‘casein’ which came from Indo-European origin means ‘to ferment, become sour.’ Many different names knew the cheese in the historical period.
Taste & Odor Of Cheese
Cheese taste varies according to the type of milk used from the animal; cow milk cheese is sweet, creamy, and buttery while goat milk cheese tastes tangy and fresh. Sheep milk cheese is creamy, nutty and fatty. Cheese is little salty; sometimes it feels milky. The bacteria present in cheese are responsible for the human body odor of cheese.
Top Most Culinary Uses Of Cheese
Pizza Topping: Mozzarella cheese is used to top the crispy pizza along with chopped vegetables or meat chunks. Cheese increases the taste and makes pizza enjoyable. Some pizzas are made by using only cheese of various kinds known as Margherita Pizza.
Burger Layering: Burger is very popular fast food among today’s generation; made with buns, potato or meat patty, sandwich vegetables, and cheese slices. You can put the number of cheese slices as per your cheese love.
Sandwich: Sandwich is a quickly made breakfast, snack as well as meal for lazy days. There are a variety of sandwiches, but only one thing remains common and constant in them, and that is the smooth, tasty, creamy cheese. A sandwich without cheese is like a palace without the prince.
Cheese Pasta: Pasta is an Italian delicacy famous worldwide for its quick and healthy cooking. Pasta is made at home using various flours, or you can just grab a packet of readymade pasta from the grocery store. Pasta with loads of cheese is a heavenly experience enjoyed with a glass f wine.
Cheese Pakoda: Cheese Pakoda is an Indian snack made as starter food at parties and restaurants. Cheese Pakoda is made using cheese cubes dipped in a batter of Bengal gram flour or all-purpose flour. These cheese cubes dipped in the batter are deep fried in cooking oil and served with sauces and chutneys.
Cheese Paratha: Cheese Paratha is a dish of cheese made in the same way as Aloo Paratha; only the difference is mashed potato is replaced with grated cheese. Cheese Paratha is a type of flat Indian bread served with curry or Raita.
Paneer Butter Masala: Processed cheese is added to some Indian curries to increase the richness and to bring the smooth texture. Paneer Butter Masala is an Indian curry dish made with cottage cheese, capsicum, onion, tomato, and Indian spices. Cheese is grated on the curry when it is cooked entirely for garnishing as well as enhancing taste and richness.
Aligot: Aligot is a dish made of cheese and potato mixture and blended served in France restaurants and household. Aligot is a creamy, heavy dish served with red wine at village gatherings and celebrations.
Cauliflower Cheese: Cauliflower is chopped in small chunks and boiled then placed in a platter and layered with milk based cheese or cheddar cheese and baked in an oven. Cauliflower cheese is a British recipe served as the main course at lunch or dinner; also served as side dish.
Cheese Pudding: Cheese pudding is a dessert made with cheese can be served at room temperature. Cheese pudding is a good alternative to cheesecake for this quality without worrying about temperature. Cheese pudding is made with cheese, sugar, and other garnishing ingredients like dry fruits and cranberries. Cheese pudding is frozen while making and served at room temperature.
Cheese Cake: Cheesecake is a cheesy, smooth dessert delicacy of cheese made with or without baking. Cheesecake has layers with different ingredients such as the base layer made of crump of cookies, graham crackers or sponge cake. Cheesecake is topped with a verity of ingredients like chocolate syrup, fruits, whipped cream, nuts, fruit syrup, and cookies.
Chena Gaja: Chhena Gaja is an Indian sweet dish made in Odisha state of eastern India region. Chhena Gaja is similar in ingredients with that of Rashgulla and Cottage Cheese Peda but has a different flavor. Chhena Gaja is made by roughly kneading the mix of cottage cheese and semolina; draining excess of water until the right consistency is acquired. Then this dough is cut into palm size squares, boiled and deep fried in oil. The Chhena Gajas are coated with sugar syrup before served; sometimes sugar syrup is crystallized if poured on more dried Gaja.
Salad: Cheese salad is a savory dish made from tomatoes, cucumber, onion, and peppers. All the vegetables are chopped into slices or cubes and combined with sour cream, mayonnaise, lemon juice, garlic, mustard, and seasoning. Each & every ingredient is mixed well and coated with grated cheese; any cheese like goat cheese, blue cheese, parmesan cheese, Swiss cheese, or cheddar cheese is used as the topping.
Cheese Omelet: Omelet is all time favorite dish for everyone and of every age group. Omelet is made in various ways like Spanish, Indian, French and many more. Omelet is made from beaten eggs, chopped vegetables like tomato, onion, celery and sometimes potatoes. Omelet batter is poured in butter or oil coated pan and cheese are grated over it. Sometimes cheese is added to batter itself by the grating.
Taco: Taco is a snack dish made in Mexican cuisine; made by placing a filling of meat, pork, seafood, vegetable, and cheese on a fried slice made of corn or wheat. The tortillas are rolled around the filling to make it a handy dish eaten without placing on any plate. Tacos are topped with salsa, guacamole, avocado, cilantro, chili pepper, and onion.
Fried Cheese: Deep frying cheese makes fried cheese in oil; the cheese may or may not be dipped in batter before frying. Cheese can be deep fried; pan-fried served as the snack, appetizer, and breakfast in many countries. Fried cheese is served hot with any sauce dip or coated with dressing.
Nutrition Provided By Cheese
Cheese is a good source of proteins and fats with other nutrients like vitamins and dietary minerals. Cheese provides vitamin A, B group vitamins, Choline, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E, and vitamin K. Cheese is a good source of dietary minerals like calcium, potassium, iron, phosphorus, copper, zinc, manganese, selenium, and sodium.
Health Benefits Of Cheese
Good Heart Health: The calcium, potassium, and magnesium combination in cheese is perfect for the good heart health. Consumption of cheese reduces the risk of hypertension, regulates blood circulation, and prevents any risk of heart diseases.
Bone Strength: Cheese is rich in B vitamins which are necessary for calcium absorption in food. Calcium is a basic vital nutrient in food necessary for bone strength and growth. Cheese provides necessary nutrients which should be consumed by children, women and elderly persons for good bones.
Fights Cancer: Cheese contains conjugated linolenic acid and Sphingolipids which are used to fight against the carcinogenic actions of cells in the body. Vitamin B is a useful nutrient which is useful to fight against any diseases.
Good Oral Health: Cheese is a good source of calcium which is the necessary element for the excellent health of teeth. Lactose content is not found abundantly in the Cheese, which is a kind of sugar; with the aging of cheese, the lactose content decreases which is good for the teeth health as any type of sugar in food is not suitable for teeth health.
Lowers Blood Pressure: Low salt content cheese is used to lower the blood pressure in people who are struggling to keep blood pressure in control.
Cures a Migraine: Cheese is very useful for migraine pain as it contains riboflavin which helps to reduce and cure a migraine. Calcium is also used to reduce a migraine headache.
Friend In Pregnancy: Calcium content in cheese is used for the contraction during labor also cheese is good for the milk production in new mummy to feed the baby.
Promotes Weight Gain: Cheese is very useful for weight gain as it contains good fats including. In addition to that, it contains proteins, vitamins, and minerals which are necessary for healthy body weight growth.
Shiny Skin: Cheese contains vitamin B which is good for the supply, healthy and shiny skin. Vitamin B is good to fight against the acne and dark spots on the skin.
Induces Sound Sleep: People struggling for a good night’s sleep can munch on cheese. Cheese is useful to stimulate sleep and curing insomnia; as cheese contains amino acid which is helpful to release stress and induce sleep.
Healthy Hair: Cheese is a rich source of protein and also contains calcium which is good for hair growth and its nutrition. Consumption of cheese makes hair grow, healthy, strong, and shiny.
A Brief History Of Cheese
The origin of cheese is not known; it is probably considered in Europe, Central Asia, and Europe. As per the recorded in the history books, the cheese production had become a big industry before Roman Empire came into existence.
The invention or the origination of cheese is assumed to be accidental as in prehistoric times, sometime before 8000 BC milk is used to be carried in the bags made from animal skin. The animal skin bags might have turned milk into curd and whey by rennet of stomach.
The evidence is found about cheese making and its uses in many regions like Egypt, Kujawy, Poland, China, and the Middle East in many intervals of time in the prehistoric and historical period.
What Is The Procedure To Make Cheese & Worldwide Cheese Production
Cheese is made from the milk of cow, buffalo, goat, or ship. The enzyme like rennet, vinegar, or lime is added to milk to curdle it. The solidified curd is cut to separate it from whey; salt is added for flavor. The curd is mildly heated for soft cheese like ricotta and long heated for harder cheese like parmesan and romano.
Nicely made cheese is left to rest under the controlled condition to get the characteristic taste of cheese. The resting period varies for the different cheese.
Cheese is very popular and loved food item all around the world with its highest production in the United States. Other countries involved in worldwide cheese production are Germany, France, Italy, and the Netherlands.
In some countries like Iceland, France, Finland, Denmark, and Germany cheese consumption per person was recorded as a whopping number of 25 kg per year.